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Systematic and Literature Reviews

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses


PRISMA is a minimum set of terms to be used when reporting the conduct of a systematic review (SR). It has recently been revised to reflect changes in systematic review practices and technology.

More information - The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviewsBMJ 2021.

PRISMA is endorsed by many organisations and leading medical journals. Following it's recommendations:

  • enhances the rigour of SR's
  • improves transparency and completeness
  • improves replicability
  • allows readers to interpret results with more confidence


Being aware of reporting recommendations when starting a SR allows prospective authors to make optimal use of their efforts and produce the best possible review.

PRISMA is available in a number of translations.