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Clinical and Research Support


Systematic Review guides

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions

Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer's Manual

The National Academies, Health and Medicine Division - Standards for Systematic Reviews


Reporting and methodology standards

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Describes the items that must be reported to ensure the quality of the systematic review. Available as checklist and flow diagram.



PROSPERO is an international database of prospectively registered systematic reviews. By maintaining a register of planned systematic reviews and their protocols PROSPERO aims to reduce duplication and minimise bias by allowing comparison between planned protocols and published review.


Levels of evidence

GRADE. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) Working Group is a multi-disciplinary group whose aim is to encourage consistent and transparent evaluation of evidence and formation of recommendations.


GRADE approach to evaluating the quality of evidence: a pathway. Online learning on using GRADE from the Cochrane Library.



Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review. Article.

How to do a systematic review. International Journal of Stroke, 2018.

A systematic approach to searching: an efficient and complete method to develop literature searches. Journal of the Medical Library Association. 2018. Article describing steps to create comprehensive search strategy.

Putting the ‘systematic’ into searching – tips and resources for search strategies in systematic reviewsJournal of Hand Surgery. 2018.

Systematic Reviews: A Social Work PerspectiveAustralian Social Work, 2015. 

The Mass Production of Redundant, Misleading, and Conflicted Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. Ioannidis J. P. (2016). The Milbank quarterly, 94(3), 485–514. Article.